Before you install your deck, you must consider certain factors. These include dimensions, material, size, and permits. Taking into account these factors will help you build a deck that will be both functional and beautiful. Once you have made the right decision, the rest of the process will be easier.
When building a deck, the size of the deck is one of the most important considerations. It will determine the size and spacing of the joists. It would help if you also considered the grade of the wood, as it will determine how much span the joists can span unsupported. Southern pine, for example, has a longer unsupported span than fir or hemlock. Also, cedar and spruce can span longer than other types of wood.
Another essential factor to consider before installing a deck is building codes. Many communities have specific requirements regarding setback distances, deck height, and structural support requirements. You can contact your local building inspection office for details on these rules and regulations. Ensure that you know what your building codes require, as the laws may change without notice.
When building a deck, it’s essential to consider the width and thickness of the boards. Too thin boards will flex and break if stretched over a longer distance. In addition, planks too thin will feel spongy.
Before installing a new deck, you need to know which materials will best complement the style of your home. There are many different materials that you can use. Make sure you choose a material that is both durable and attractive.
Wood is a classic choice. It is easy to install and can be stained to match your house. Another material you can use is composite material, which is made of plastic and wood. Composite materials are more durable than wood and require very little maintenance. Remember that you’ll need to choose a surface that will resist water and weather.
Several factors should be taken into consideration when determining the size of your deck. First, you should consider how much space you have for your deck. Besides this, you also need to consider the material and height of your deck posts. It is because the posts you choose will determine the height of your deck. If you underestimate the size of these posts, your deck could collapse.
Next, consider how many people you plan to entertain. Remember to include space around appliances and decorations. You want your deck to be proportionate to the rest of your home. If your deck is going to be used only for entertaining purposes, it should be at most 20% of the area of your home.
Before installing a deck, contact your local building department for a permit. The permit will list the requirements for the deck and may also require a hand-drawn survey of your property. You’ll also need to follow local zoning and fire codes. For example, it’s necessary to leave space between neighboring properties in some neighborhoods.
When choosing the materials for your new deck, you should consider the setback regulations for your neighborhood. Many cities have stricter requirements than others, and if your deck is too close to a neighbor’s property, it can lead to class action lawsuits. Additionally, your deck’s design may be subject to scrutiny when you sell your home.
Using built-in planters on your deck adds aesthetic appeal to your outdoor space and doubles as a privacy screen. The first step is to decide what type of plants you want to include in the planters. Planters with trellis, for example, let you grow climbing plants without the need for walls.
When installing a planter on a deck, it is essential to consider how much water will be stored there. A planter should have drainage holes to divert excess water away from the deck. This way, any water that remains in the planter will not drown the plants or rot the wood.
Another way to create an eye-catching planter is by using concrete blocks at titandeck.net/products/titan-classic/. Paint the concrete ties black or any other dark color to give the planter a dramatic effect. You can stack the blocks in exciting shapes, leaving some open spaces between them. You can then plant potted plants in the holes.
When building a deck, footings are essential. These concrete pads must rest at least 12 inches below grade, but they may need to be deeper if there is a steep grade or frost line. You should consult a structural engineer to design your footings, so they don’t interfere with any existing structures or utilities. Footing size is related to deck span, so that larger spans will require larger footings.
The type of soil that supports your deck footings is essential to consider. The consistency of the soil will determine the weight capacity of the footings. Loose soils require less footing, while dense, rocky soils may require more. Soil conditions may also impact the stability of your posts. If your posts are improperly set, they may shift and cause the structure of your deck to shift.